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【病历书写】呼吸,咳嗽,痰
2011-8-1
呼吸Resp., 咳嗽Cough, 痰Sputum  (1)他诉说被呼吸困难苦恼了好多天。  ...
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【病历书写】呼吸,咳嗽,痰

编辑:语际翻译     2011-8-1         转载请注明来自  语际翻译公司 http://www.scientrans.com

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呼吸Resp., 咳嗽Cough, 痰Sputum

  (1)他诉说被呼吸困难苦恼了好多天。

  He complains of difficulty of breathing, which annoyed him for several days.

  呼吸

  呼吸困难 breathe hard (with difficulty) ; have difficulty in breathing ( respiration)

  呼吸困难 dyspnea (夜间性 nocturnal, 发作性paroxysmal)

  安静时(运动性)呼吸困难 dyspnea at rest (on exertion)

  常发生发作性夜间呼吸困难 frequent episodes of paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

  呼吸困难突然厉害起来 have sudden increase in dyspnea

  患轻微的运动性呼吸困难 have some mild exertional dyspnea

  患急性呼吸困难 have an acute attack of dyspnea

  无呼吸困难 have no respiratory embarrassment

  偶有心悸 have occasional palpitations

  心悸反复发生 have recurrent episodes of palpations

  Ex1:第2天早晨,病人呼吸变为非常困难和衰弱。

  The next morning the patient became extremely dyspneic and weak.

  Ex2:走快或上楼梯时,他总是气促的。

  He always becomes shortwinded when walking hastily or going up stairs.

  (2)这个病人常常咳嗽,并且吐出灰色的臭痰。

  The patient coughs very often and expectorates foulsmelling grayish sputum.

  咳嗽

  种类 short, sharp, small, dry(hasty), moist, constant, painful, irritable, spasmodic, wheezing, distressed, rasping

  咳个不停 have a fit of coughing; cough oneself into a fit (fits)

  苦咳个不停 have a hard (racking; convulsive) cough

  患4天干燥发作性咳嗽 experience a 4day episode of dry paroxysmal cough.

  2岁时开始有间歇性烦咳 intermittent hacking cough started at 2 years old

  咳嗽减少了 one's cough diminished

  发生轻度无痰的干咳 develop slight nonproductive cough

  有点(很多)咯血 have minimal (massive) hemoptysis.

  咯出一点血 cough (expectorate; spit) up (out) a little blood

  开始咯出黑血斑点 began coughing op flecks of dark blood

  呕血 vomit blood

  Ex1:他偶而咳嗽,但不曾感觉胸部痛、发烧或体重减轻。

  He coughed occasionally, but he has never experienced pain in the thorax, fever, or loss of weight.

  Ex2:最近6个月,他的咳嗽一直带有轻微咯血。

  For the last 6 months, he has been coughing with slight hemoptysis.

  痰

  种类 thin, thick, fetid, serous, frothy, tenacious, viscous, mucous( mucoid), mucopurulent, transparent, seropurulent, rusty

  中等量(多量、大量)带有灰白色痰的咳嗽 moderate amounts (a great deal, large quantities) of grayishwhite sputum

  痰涌上咽喉,有酸味 phlegm wells up in the throat and tastes sour

  痰堵住嗓子了 phlegm blocked the windpipe

  半杯黄色痰 one half cup of yellowish sputum

  吐脓性,偶而带血的痰 produce purulent, occasionally bloodtinged sputum

  开始有点咳嗽,并且有约3公撮的血痰 began to have some cough and produced about 3 ml. of bloody sputum.

  一点也咳不出痰 do not raise any phlegm at all

  咳痰停止了 expectoration ceased

  Ex1:他开始有少量带血丝的痰。

  He began to expectorate small amounts of bloodstreaked sputum.

  Ex2:他的咳嗽已经不像以前那样厉害,痰里也不再有血斑了。

  His cough was not so severe as it had been and sputum was no longer flecked with blood.

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