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胃肠

编辑:语际翻译     2011-8-1         转载请注明来自  语际翻译公司 http://www.scientrans.com

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 (1)当空腹时,他感觉胃里不舒服。

  He has a certain disagreeable felling in the stomach when it is empty.

  胃

  胃不调 upset stomach

  消化不良 have bad (impaired: defective) digestion; suffer from indigestion (dyspepsia)

  胃有毛病 have a disordered stomach (stomach disorder); something is wrong with one's stomach.

  因过食而伤胃 injure one's stomach by overeating oneself

  觉食物积滞胃中 feel heavy on the stomach

  食物不易消化lie (sit) heavy on one's stomach

  Ex1:自从那时起,消化便已失常。

  Thereafter, the digestion was not really good.

  (2)曾有过一时性的恶心和呕吐,但并没有食欲不振或体重减少发生。

  Transient nausea and vomiting was present, but no anorexia or weight loss occurred.

  恶心

  欲呕 feel nauseated

  有晨吐 have morning sickness

  夜吐(饭后恶心) nocturnal (postprandial) nausea

  晕船(车) be sea (car) sick

  有点恶心 have (experience) some nausea

  严重的作呕 have considerable retching

  里急后重时发生恶心和呕吐 have a spell of N & V while straining at stool

  患食欲不振和恶心 be anorexic and nauseated

  偶而恶心和呕吐 develop occasional nausea and vomiting

  老是溢酸,感觉腹胀 burp all the time, feel bloated

  吐出清净透明的胃容物 with vomiting of clear gastric contents

  呕吐停了,消失了vomiting stopped (ceased), cleared

  止吐 settle the stomach

  打噎 belch (eruct; eructate)

  Ex1:这病人恶心,曾呕吐了含有胆汁液体数次。

  The patient developed nausea and vomited bilestained fluid on several occasions.

  Ex2:当要呕吐时,他发觉有严重的腹上部痛和剧烈的头痛。

  With the advent of vomiting, he noted severe epigastric pain as well as severe

  headache.

  (3)在第2天中午,她开始呕吐,随后呕吐胆汁质物。

  At noon on the following day she stared vomiting food, which was followed by bilestained material.

  在病发时呕吐2次 vomit twice at the onset

  极度反胃 regurgitate food violently

  Ex1:一小时后,他吐出不含血液的水质样东西。

  One hour later, he vomited watery material containing no blood.

  Ex2:有时这病人在发作最厉害时,呕吐1、2次。

  Sometimes the patient vomited once or twice at the height of the attack.

  呕吐物

  Ex1:昨天早晨的呕吐物,被形容为含有未消化的食物和绿水,无血。

  The vomitus of yesterday morning was described as containing indigested food and

  greenish water with no evidence of blood.

  Ex2:最初的呕吐物是透明的,但据说住院治疗之前的呕吐物,带有褐色。

  The vomitus was initially clear but just before hospitalization was said to brownish.

  (4)他开始有多次、带泡沫和臭味的大便。

  He began to have frequent, frothy, foulsmelling stools.

  大便

  解大便 open (relax; evacuate) the bowel; have a passage

  有便意 have a call of nature

  有1次(2次)大便 have a motion (two motions)

  没有大便 be constipated

  平均每天大便12次 averaged 12 stools daily

  发觉粪便中有很多血 noticed gross blood in one's stools

  开始一天解8次松的多脂粪便 began to pass 8 loose greasy stools per day

  大便增加到一天4—5次 stools increased in number to 4 or 5 daily

  更换尿布时有些粪便 have some stool in each diaper change

  Ex1:大便次数减少了,但他仍然每天继续有2—3次大量的稀大便。

  The stools became fewer in number but he still continued to have 2—3 large loose

  stools daily.

  Ex2:住院前2个月,她发觉黑色大便,但却把它忽略过去了。

  Two months before admission she had noticed black stools but she disregarded them.

  大便检查

  种类 ordinary, dry, hard, loose(soft), large, watery(liquid), formed, formless, frothy, mucous, bloody, ricewater, peasoup, tarry

  臭味 odorless, extremely foul, sour, putrid, less offensive in odor, offensive but no excessively foul

  颜色 black, tarry, brownishblack, brown, red, green, yellow, lightbrown, greywhite (claycolored)

  Ex1:大便的粗细和硬度正常,且从未呈黑色。

  The stools were of normal caliber and consistency and have never been black.

  Ex2:大便颜色很淡,并且软如泥。

  Stools were very light in color and of mushy consistence.

  (5)他诉说间歇性腹泻与便秘交替发生。

  He complained of intermittent diarrhea alternating with constipation.

  便秘

  便秘 suffer from constipation

  惯性便秘 habitual constipation

  时常便秘 be always constipated

  有便秘倾向 have a tendency to be constipated

  只有灌肠才能缓和严重的便秘 one's severe constipation was relieved only by

  enemas

  Ex1:便秘很难治,他以前常乞灵于泻药。

  The constipation was very obstinate (stubborn) and he resorted to the frequent use of cathartics.

  Ex2:她的便秘逐渐严重起来,同时发觉到粪便直径变细。

  She became progressively more constipated and noted a narrowing in the caliber of

  the stools.腹泻

  晨泻,水泻,粘液性腹泻,慢性腹泻 diarrhea (morning, watery, mucous, dysenteric, chronic)

  腹泻 diarrhea (轻症 mild,拖延的 protracted, 无法控制的 uncontrolled, 难医的intractable)

  患腹泻 suffer from diarrhea; have (an attack of ) diarrhea; have loose bowels

  短期的腹泻发生了 a brief episode of diarrhea occurred

  开始泻腹(自然消失,于两天后消失) diarrhea commenced (spontaneously disappeared, cleared after 2 days)

  偶而泻肚子 have occasional diarrhea

  腹泻厉害,在3—7次之间 diarrhea varied in severity from 3 to 7 B.M.

  不得不服药 be obliged to take physics

  腹泻未因吃脱脂牛奶而转佳 received skim milk without any improvement in the diarrhea

  用泻药 use a purgative

  Ex1:他患腹泻,每天有8—10次带有粘液,脓和鲜红色血的大便。

  He developed diarrhea with the daily passage of 8—10 stools containing mucous, pus, and bright red blood.

  Ex2:以前他患过同样的腹泻,但从来没有这么严重过。

  He previously had similar attacks of diarrhea but they were never so severe.

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