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汉英古文翻译练习
2009-12-21
汉英古文翻译  苛政猛于虎 (礼记工员 檀弓)  孔子过泰山侧,有妇人哭于墓者而哀。夫子式而听...
汉英/英汉翻译的“特效处理”
2009-12-21
在翻译中文的标语口号、广告语句或其他特殊题材、体裁的内容时,有时会感到十分棘手。此外,从有些关...
诗歌的翻译Translation of Ancient Chine…
2009-12-21
从一个严格的意义上说, 诗歌是不可译的。因为诗歌是一件高度浓缩、精炼的艺术品。在一定的文化背景...

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汉英古文翻译练习

编辑:语际翻译     2009-12-21         转载请注明来自  语际翻译公司 http://www.scientrans.com

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  汉英古文翻译

  苛政猛于虎 (礼记工员 檀弓)

  孔子过泰山侧,有妇人哭于墓者而哀。夫子式而听之。使子路问之曰:“子之哭也,壹似重有ABC者?”

  而曰:“然。昔者吾舅死于虎,吾夫又死焉,今吾子又死焉。”夫子曰:“何为不去也?”曰:“无苛政。”夫子曰:“小子ABC之,苛政猛于虎也。”

 

  白话翻译

  孔子有一次乘车经过泰山旁边,在那边有一位妇女在坟前哭而且哭得很悲恸。孔子把手扶在车前横木上听她哭,派子路去问她说:“您的哭声听起来实在像有好几件伤心的事似的。”

  那个女人就说:“您的话说对了。从前我的公公死在老虎口中(被老虎咬死了),后来我的丈夫又死在老虎口中;现在我的儿子又死在老虎口中了。”孔子说:“为什么不离开这儿呢?”女人说:“这儿没有暴虐的政治。”孔子说:“弟子们记住这句话,暴虐的政治比老虎更凶猛可怕。

  OPPRESSIVE GOVERNMENT IS MOKE FEARSOME

  THAN A TIGER

  Once when Confucius was passing near the foot of Mount Tai in a chariot, there was a married woman weeping at a grave mound, and dolorously too. Confucius politely rested his hands on the front rail of the chariot and listened to her weeping. He sent Zilu to inquire of her, saying:” From the sound of your weeping, it seams that you indeed have many troubles.”

  Then the woman said:” It is true. My father-in-law died in a tiger’s jaw; my husband also died there. Now, my son has also died there.” Confucius said,” Why do you not leave this place?” The woman said:” Here there is no harsh and oppressive government.” Confucius said,” Young men, take note of this: a harsh and oppressive government is more ferocious and fearsome than even a tiger.”

  矛盾(韩非子 难一)

  楚人有ABC盾与矛者,誉之曰:“吾盾之坚,物莫能陷之。”以誉其矛曰:“吾矛之利,于物无不陷也。”或曰:“以子之矛陷子之盾,何如?”其人弗能应也。夫不可陷之盾与无不陷之矛不可同世而立。

  白话翻译

  有个卖盾和矛的楚国人,夸他的盾说:“我的盾坚固得没有一个东西刺得破啊。”又夸他的矛说:“我的矛锋利得没有一个东西刺不破啊。”有人说:“用您的矛来刺您的盾,会怎么样?”那个人可就回答不出来啦。刺不破的盾和什么东西都刺得破的矛不可能同时存在。

  SPEARS AND SHIELDS

  There was a man of the state of Chu who sold shields and spears. He bragged about his shields saying:” My shields are so hard that nothing can pierce through them .”He also bragged about his spears saying:” My spears are so sharp that there is nothing they cannot pierce through.” Someone said:” What would happen if people were to use your spears to pierce through your shields?’ That person could not answer. Now, shields that cannot be pierced through and spears that can pierced through anything cannot exist at the sane time.

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