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铁路专用英语

编辑:语际翻译     2011-5-30         转载请注明来自  语际翻译公司 http://www.scientrans.com

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线路工程
线路工程 railway line engineering
铁路勘测 ;铁道勘测 railway reconnaissance
铁路选线 ;铁道选线 railway route selection;railway location;approximate railway location;location of railway route selection
经济勘察 economic investigation
地质调查 geological survey;geologic survey
方案比较 project comparison
铁路勘探 ;铁道勘探 railway exploration
铁路测量 ;铁道测量 railway survey
线路测量 route survey;profile survey;longitudinal survey
曲线测量 curve survey
既有线测量 survey of existing line;survey of existing railway
铁路线路图 ;铁道线路图 railway map
定线 location of line
铁路设计 ;铁道设计 railway design
线路设计 track design
平面设计 plane design
纵断面设计 longitudinal section design
横断面设计 transverse section design
曲线设计 curve design
车站设计 station design
站场设计 design of stations and yards
标准设计 standard design
线路等级 line grade
铁路限界 ;铁道限界 railway clearance
建筑限界 construction clearance
设计规范 code of design
设计标准 design standard
铁路线路 ;铁道线路 railway line
铁路曲线 ;铁道曲线 railway curve
缓和曲线 transition curve;easement curve;spiral transition curve
小半径曲线 small-radius curve
曲线半径 curve radius
曲线超高 superelevation on curve;cant;elevation of curve
欠超高 inadequate superelevation;deficient superelevation
未被平衡加速度 unbalanced acceleration
竖曲线 vertical curve
坡道 gradient
坡度 grade;gradient;slope
限制坡度 ruling grade;limiting grade
坡度折减 grade compensation;compensation of gradient;gradient compensation
避难线 refuge siding;catch siding
双线插入段 double track interpolation
铁路连接线 ;铁道连接线 railway connecting line
隧道内线路 line in tunnel
桥头引线 bridge approach
站线 siding
站线长度 length of station line
铁路标志 ;铁道标志 railway sign
警冲标 fouling point indicator;fouling post
线路中心线 track center line;central lines of track
线间距离 ;线间距 distance between centres of lines;distance between centers of tracks;midway between tracks
线路试验 ;线路实验 track test;road test;running test
路基 subgrade
铁路路基 ;路基;铁道路基 railway subgrade;subgrade
软土路基 soft soil subgrade
沙漠路基 desert subgrade
冻土路基 permafrost subgrade
膨胀土路基 subgrade in swelling soil zone
路基基床 subgrade bed
路堤 embankment;fill
高路堤 high-fill embankment
路堑 cut;road cutting
深路堑 deep cutting
路肩 road shoulder;subgrade shoulder
边坡 side slope
护坡 revetment;slope protection;pitching
路基滑动 subgrade slip
滑坡防治 landslide preventive treatment
路基排水 subgrade drainage
塑料排水板 plastic drainage board
路基加固 subgrade strengthening
土工织物 geotextile
挡土墙 ;挡墙 retaining walls
锚定板 anchor plate
锚杆 anchor bolt
抗滑桩 antiskid pile;anti-slide pile;counter-sliding pile
加筋土 reinforced earth
植被 vegetation
路基防护 subgrade protection
防护工程 protective engineering
防护林 protection forest
防沙 sand proof
固沙 stabilization of sand
输导砂 sediment transport
路侧建筑物 roadside structure
排水沟 weeper drain;weep drain;drainage ditch;drain ditch
挡风墙 wind-shield wall;wind-break wall
隔声墙 sound-proof wall
防雪栅 snow fence;snow guard
轨道理论 track theory
轨道设计 track design
轨道参数 track parameter
轨距 track gauge;rail gage;rail gauge
轨距加宽 track gauge widening
轨底坡 cant of rail;rail cant
轨道力学 track dynamics;track mechanics
轨道强度 track strength
轨道阻力 track resistance
道床阻力 trackbed resistance;ballast resistance
扣固力 fastening force
钢轨应力 rail stress
轨道承载力 track bearing capacity
轨道稳定性 track stability;stability of track
轨道试验 ;轨道实验 track test
轮轨关系 wheel-rail interaction;wheel-rail relation
轮轨动力学 wheel-rail dynamics
轮轨作用力 wheel-rail force
轮轨接触 wheel-rail contact
接触应力 contact stress
轨道结构 track structure
轨道 track
铁路轨道 ;轨道;铁道轨道 railway track;track
线路上部建筑 ;轨道 track superstructure;track
重型轨道 heavy track
宽轨枕轨道 broad sleeper track
板式轨道 slab track;slab-track
整体道床轨道 monolithic roadbed track
防振轨道 anti-vibration track
高架轨道 elevated track
无缝线路 jointless line;continuously welded rail track;jointless track
桥上轨道结构 bridge deck track structure
隧道内轨道结构 track structure in tunnel
钢轨 steel rail
重型钢轨 heavy rail
长钢轨 long rail
焊接长钢轨 long welded rail
缩短轨 shortened rail;standard shortened rail;fabricated short rail used on curves;standard curtailed rail
热处理钢轨 heat-treated rail
合金钢轨 alloy steels rail
旧钢轨 used rail
钢轨钢 rail steel
钢轨螺栓孔 rail bolt hole
轨缝 rail gap;joint gap
钢轨焊缝 rail welding seam
钢轨接头 rail joint
异型接头 compromise joint
伸缩接头 expansion joint
焊接接头 welding joint;welded joint
绝缘接头 track section insulator;insulated joint
胶接接头 adhesive joint
鱼尾板 fish plate
鱼尾螺栓 fish bolt
扣件 fastening;rail fastening
弹性扣件 elastic fastening;elastic rail fastening
弹条式扣件 elastic rod type fastening
分开式扣件 separated fastening;separated rail fastening;indirect holding fastening
扣板式扣件 clip fastening
刚性扣件 rigid fastening
垫圈 ring
道钉 spike;track spike;rail spike;dog spike
螺纹道钉 threading spike;screw spike
垫板 tie-plate;tie plate
橡胶垫板 rubber tie-plate;rubber tie plate
防爬器 anticreeper;anti-creeper;rail anchor
轨距拉杆 gauge tie rod
轨下基础 underrail foundation;sub-rail foundation;sub-rail track bed
轨枕 sleeper;tie;cross tie
木枕 wooden sleeper;wooden tie
混凝土枕 ;砼枕 concrete sleeper;concrete tie
轨枕板 ;宽轨枕 sleeper slab;broad sleeper
钢枕 steel sleeper;steel tie
合成轨枕 composite sleeper
纵向轨枕 longitudinal tie
岔枕 points sleeper;switch tie;turnout tie
桥枕 bridge tie;bridge sleeper
轨排 track panel;track skeleton
枕下胶垫 rubber pad under sleeper
道床 track bed;ballast bed
碎石道床 ballast bed
整体道床 monolithic track bed;solid bed;integrated ballast bed;monolithic concrete bed
沥青道床 bituminous raodbed;asphalt roadbed;asphalt cemented ballast bed
石棉道床 asbestos ballast
道碴 ballast
道床覆盖 ballast cover
轨道附属设备 track auxiliary equipment
钢轨涂油器 rail lubricator
融雪器 snow melter
复轨器 replacer;re-railer;rerailing device
脱轨器 derailer
车挡 bumper;bumper post
道岔 switch;point;turnout;switches and crossings
单开道岔 single point;simple turnout;lateral turnout
双开道岔 double turnout
三开道岔 three-throw turnout;symmetrical three throw turnout;three-way turnout
交分道岔 slip switch
高速道岔 high-speed switch
切线型道岔 tangent turnout
道岔设计 turnout design
过岔速度 switch crossing speed
辙叉 frog;crossing
整铸辙叉 integrated cast frog
锰钢辙叉 manganese steel frog crossing
焊接辙叉 welding frog crossing
组合辙叉 combined frog;assembled frog
可动心轨辙叉 movable point frog;movable-point frog
可动翼轨辙叉 movable wing rails;movable-wing frog
尖轨 switch point;point tongue;switch rail;tongue rail;blade
滑床板 slide chair;slide plate;switch plate
基本轨 stock rail
翼轨 wing rail
护轮轨 guard rail
导曲线 curve of turnout;lead curve
道岔附带曲线 curve following turnout branch line
交叉 crossing
渡线 track cross-over;crossover
通过道岔 passing switch
铁路道口 ;铁道道口 railway crossing
平交道口 level crossing
道口板 crossing slab
道口路面 crossing road surface
立体交叉 ;立交 grade separation
线路施工 track construction
石方工程 rock excavation
土方工程 earthwork
填方 filling
挖方 cutting
土方调拨 mass dispatching
线路施工机械 track construction machinery and equipment
轨道施工 track construction
轨道工程 track construction
轨道铺设 track laying
铺碴 ballasting
轨枕铺设 sleeper laying
铺轨 rail-laying
轨排组装 track panel assembling
轨排装运 track panel loading
轨排基地 track panel base
钢轨焊接 rail welding
钢轨热处理 rail heat treatment
钢轨铺设 rail laying
钢轨锁定 rail locking
道岔铺设 switch laying
轨道施工机械 track construction machinery
铺轨列车 tracklaying train;track laying train
铺轨机 rail-laying machine;track laying machine
钢轨焊接车 rail welding car
焊轨机 steel rails weldeding mill;rail welding machine
轨排组装机 track panel assembling machine
轨排运送车 track panel transport car
铺枕机 sleeper-laying machine
铺碴车 ballasting car
铺碴机 ballasting machine
铺道岔机 turnout-laying machine
焊接长钢轨运送车 welding long rails transport car
动力稳定车 dynamic track stabilizer
线路状态 track state
路基病害 subgrade defect
沉降 settlement
坍方落石 ;危石 collapse rock
翻浆冒泥 frost boiling;mud-pumping
路基壅水 subgrade water damming
路基渗流 subgrade seepage flow
路基冲刷 subgrade erosion
振动液化 vibration liquifaction
冻融 freezing and thawing
冻胀 frost heaving
冻害 freezing damage;frost heaving
雪害 snow damage;snow blockade;snow drift
沙害 sand damage
轨道状态 track condition
轨道变形 track deformation;track disorder;track distortion
轨道不平顺 track irregularity
低接头 depression of joint
三角坑 warp;twist
钢轨爬行 rail creeping
涨轨跑道 ;钢轨鼓曲 buckled track;rail buckle
钢轨疲劳 rail fatigue
钢轨伤损 rail failure;rail defects and failures
钢轨断裂 rail fracture
钢轨裂纹 rail crack;rail crackes
轨头剥离 rail head shelling;gage line shelly cracks
钢轨锈蚀 rail bubble;rail corrosion
钢轨磨耗 rail wearing
波形磨耗 ;波浪磨耗 undulatory wear
螺孔裂纹 bolt hole crack
辙叉伤损 ;辙叉损伤 frog failure
木枕开裂 wooden sleeper cracking
轨枕伤损 ;轨枕伤损 sleeper damage
道床脏污 ballast contamination
线路养护 track maintenance
线路维修 track maintenance;maintenance of track
日常维修 routine maintenance;current maintenance
状态修 repairing on condition;repair according to condition
巡回检查 inspection tour
轨道检测机具 track detection equipment
道尺 track gauge
轨道检测 track detection
灾害检测装置 disaster detector
超声波探伤仪 ultrasonic flaw detector
钢轨探伤车 rail detecting car;rail flaw detection car
轨道检查车 ;轨检车 track inspection car;track recording car
高速轨道检查车 ;高速轨检车 high-speed track inspection car
养路作业 track maintenance operation
起道 track lifting;raising of track
垫碴起道 ballast filling track lifting
改道 track realigning;gage correction;gaging of track
拨道 track lining
捣固 tamping
除草 weeding
除草剂 herbicide
除雪 snow clearing
防冻 anti-freezing
融雪 snow melt
融雪剂 snow melt agent
钢轨加热 rail heating
钢轨打磨 rail grinding
钢轨矫直 straightening of kinked rail
钢轨更换 rail replace
钢轨探伤 rail detecting
钢轨焊补 rail repairing welding
轨缝调整 rail gap adjusting
应力放散 stress-relieving
钢轨温度 rail temperature
钢轨涂油 rail lubrication
轨枕更换 sleeper replacement
扣件作业 fastening operation
轨枕修补 sleeper mending
枕木防腐 timber sleeper treating
道岔养护 switch maintenance
道岔更换 switch replacement
辙叉焊补 frog welding and repairing
道床作业 ballast operation
道碴清筛 ballast screening
道碴更换 ballast replacement
道床整形 ballast trimming
曲线养护 curved track maintenance
线路管理系统 track management system
养路组织 track maintenance organization
养路计划 track maintenance planning
维修天窗 maintenance time
维修周期 maintenance period
养路安全 track maintenance safety
列车接近警报器 ;列车接近报警器;列车接近报警装置 train approach warning device
养路质量 track maintenance quality
养路机械化 track maintenance machinization
线路中修 intermediate repair of track
起道修 ;线路中修 track raising repair;track intermediate overhaul
线路大修 major repair of track
线路更新 ;线路大修 track renewal;track overhauling
线路修复 track restoration
铁路抢修 ;铁道抢修 railway emergency maintenance
养路机械 track maintenance machine
起道机 track lifting machine
拨道机 track lining machine
起拨道机 track lifting and lining machine
捣固机 tamping machine
捣固车 tamping wagon
道床夯拍机 ballast compactor
配碴整形机 ballast distributing and trimming machine;ballast distributing and regulating machine
道碴清筛机 ballast cleaner
扒碴机 crib ballast raker;crib ballast removers
道碴更换机 ballast replacement eqnipment
道床清扫机 ballast cleaning machine
轨枕更换机 sleeper replacement equipment
钢轨更换机 rail replacement equipment
钢轨打磨机 rail grinding machine
钢轨打磨车 rail grinding wagon
直轨器 rail straightening tool;rail straightener
锯轨机 rail saw;rail cutting machine;rail sawing machine
钢轨钻孔机 rail drilling machine
钢轨加热器 rail heater
轨缝调整器 rail gap adjuster;rail puller
道钉机 spike driver
除雪机 snowbreaker;snow removing machine;snow remover
除雪车 snow-fighting vehicle;snow plow;snow plough
除草机 weeder;weed cutting machine;weed cutter
清沟机 ditcher
碎冰机 ice crusher
养路机具 track maintenance implements
液压机具 hydraulic tool
轨道车 track car
上下道装置 up and down track device
发电车 mobile power plant car;generator car
综合养路机械 comprehensive track maintenance machine
机械化养路基地 mechanized maintenance base
工务部门 maintenance of way branch
大修队 capital repair brigade
工务段 engineering district;maintenance of way section;track division;track district;track maintenance division
养路员工 track maintenance worker
工务修配厂 maintenance of way shop
焊轨厂 rail welding plant
枕木防腐厂 timber sleeper treating plant
采石场 quarry;stonepit


铁路专业英语词汇
________________________________________
elevated railway, overhead railway, aerial railway   高架铁路
mine railway   矿区铁路
funicular (railway)   缆索铁路,登山铁路
light railway line   轻便铁道
urban railway   市区铁路
railway network   铁路网
railway transport   铁路运输
trial run   试车
open to traffic   通车
porter   搬运工人
ticket inspector   查票员
ticket   车票
single ticket, oneway ticket   单程票
return ticket, roundtrip ticket   来回票
platform ticket   站台票
railway station   车站
station hall   车站大厅


information desk   服务台
waiting room   候车室
passenger station   客车站
time-table   时刻表
arrival time-table   到站时刻表
departure time-table   发车时刻表
ticket-collector, gateman   收票员
ticket office, booking office   售票处
junction   枢纽站
rail and water terminal   水陆联运站
platform bridge   天桥
luggage barrow   推行李车
enquiry office, information desk   问讯处
way station   小站
label   行李标签
luggage office   行李房
left-luggage office   行李暂存处
platform-ticket   验票口
barrier   栅栏门
platform   站台
(electric) platform truck   站台车
platform tunnel   站台地道
platform roofing   站台顶棚
station-master   站长
terminal; terminus   终点站
escalator   自动扶梯
The train leaves the station at..., The train is due out at...   火车在(某时)离站
to have one's ticket punched   (给检票员)检票
10 minutes behind schedule   晚点十分钟
to change trains at...   在(某地)换车
The train is due at...   在(某时)到达
to break the journey   中途下车
dining car, restaurant car, diner   餐车
pantry   餐车食品室
open wagon, (railway) wagon, (railway) truck   敞车
carriage, coach, car   车厢
roof   车顶
concertina walls   (车厢通道两侧的)伸缩篷
step; foot board   (车厢门口的)踏板
gangway   (车厢的)通道
lidded ashtray   带盖烟灰盒
tank wagon   罐车
mixed train   混合列车
freight train, goods train   货物列车
engine, locomotive   机车
window seat   靠窗座位
coach, passenger train   客车
express train, express   快车
refrigerator wagon   冷藏车
car attendant; train attendant   列车员
guard, conductor   列车长
slow train, way train   慢车
covered wagon van, box car   棚车
ordinary train   普通列车
sleeping carriage with cushioned berths   软卧客车
up train   上行车
livestock wagon   牲畜车
sleeping car, sleeper   卧车
down train   下行车
luggage van, baggage car   行李车
rack, baggage rack   行李架
sleeping carriage with semicushioned berths   硬卧客车
ordinary seat   硬席
carriage with semicushioned seats   硬座车
mail car   邮政车
mail and luggage van   邮政行李车
through train   直达车
special train   专车
pointsman, switchman   道岔工人
signal for blocking the track, block signal   闭塞信号
semaphore signal, home signal   臂板信号
warehouse   仓库
siding, sidetrack   侧线,旁轨
turnout   岔道
weighing machine   秤重机
derailing   (火车)出轨
single line (track) rail   单线
points, switches   道岔
switch lock, point lock   道岔锁
wait sign, wait signal   等候标志(信号)
marshalling yard, shunting yard   调车场
dispatching   调度
dispatcher   调度员
crossover   渡线,转线轨道
rail   钢轨
track   轨道
sleeper, railroad tie   轨枕
rail chair   轨座
buffer stop, bumping post   缓冲桩
goods shed, freight depot   货棚
goods station   货运站,货站
container   集装箱
locomotive (engine)   shed 机车库
station warning sign   进站预告标
clearance   净空
(signal) gantry   (铁路上支持信号装置的)跨线桥
barrier   (道口)拦路木
section   路段
reduce speed sign(al)   慢行标志(信号)
bell and whistle sign, whistle sign   鸣笛预告标
platform car, flat car   平车
grade crossing, level crossing  (道路与铁路的)平面交叉
track-laying machine, tracklayer   铺轨机
double line (track) rail   双线
volume of railway freight   铁路货运量
railway connections   铁路交叉点,铁路联络线
railway warning sign   铁路警告标志
railway clearance   铁路净空
railroad bed   铁路路基
railway curve   铁路曲线(弯道)
railway tunnel   铁路隧道
railway line, railroad line   铁路线
stop sign(al)   停车标志(信号)
danger sign(al)   危险标志(信号)
unprotected crossing   无防护设备的道口
signal light (lamp)   信号灯
signal box, signalman's cabin   信号房
signalman   信号员
wing rail (of frog)   翼轨
distant signal, disk signal, target   圆盘信号机
back-turning section   折返段
frog   辙叉,岔心
turn-table   车台,旋车盘
point (box), switch (box)   转辙器
switch signal, point indicator   转辙信号

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