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金融英语相关阅读指导(十一)
2009-12-20
OVERALL ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE IN 1999  GDP China...
金融英语相关阅读指导(十一)
2009-12-20
OVERALL ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE IN 1999  GDP China...
金融英语相关阅读指导(十二)
2009-12-20
Multinational Companies Adjust Strategies to Ch...

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金融英语相关阅读指导(十一)

编辑:语际翻译     2009-12-20         转载请注明来自  语际翻译公司 http://www.scientrans.com

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  Foreign currency and the value of the RMB China's foreign-currency reserves reached $154.68 billion at the end of 1999, up 6.7 percent. Most analysts expect that the RMB's value will remain relatively stable this year.

  Agriculture Falling agricultural prices, due to bumper harvests, were responsible for the small rise in rural incomes of only 4 percent in 1999. This was less than half of the average urban income, which rose more than 9 percent. Rural poverty is likely to be exacerbated when China joins the WTO-an additional 9.6 million farm workers are expected to lose their jobs as a result of China opening its agricultural markets.

  Notes

  monetary policy货币政策

  money-supply货币供给

  deflation-fighting反通货紧缩

  issuance n.发行

  institution of a tax on individual savings deposits对个人储蓄存款征税制度

  cut vi.to reduce the size, extent, or duration of; curtail or shorten削减:减少…的尺寸、范围或持续时间;截短或缩短

  例:cut a payroll; cut a budget; cut the cooking time in half.

  削减员工数;削减预算;把做饭时间缩短一半

  reliance on open-market operations依赖公开市场操作

  suspending operations公开市场操作暂停

  suspend vi.to cause to stop for a period; interrupt暂行一段时期;中断

  relax vt.使松驰,缓和

  financial reforms金融改革

  high-profile moves全面的调控措施

  move n.to attempt to seize control of控制:想要掌握控制权

  asset-management company资产管理公司

  bad loans不良贷款

  to loosen restrictions on foreign participation in commercial banking放松对外资机构参与商业银行业务的限制

  closed-end securities funds封闭式证券投资基金

  listed investment funds上市投资基金

  budget预算

  revenue收入

  the State Administration of Taxation国家税务局

  tax evasion避税

  evasion n.the act or an instance of evading逃避,躲避,逃脱

  treasury bonds国库券

  to recapitalize the ailing banks调整经营困难银行的资本结构

  recapitalize vt.to change the capital structure of (a corporation)调整…的资本结构;改变(某个企业)的资本结构

  ailing adj.生病的, 境况不佳的

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